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The importance of Light Distribution

Increase energy efficiency and generate homogeneous grass growth 
The importance of light distribution in LED grow light systems is many times seriously underestimated.

Grass is sensitive to fluctuations over the turf pitch in received PPFD and is in the absolute need of a proper light distribution to ensure an even growth.

Applications which require perfect beam distribution or more complex beam patterns can be seen in street lighting, stadium lighting and of course horticulture grow light applications.

When we look at horticulture LED lighting, a perfect even light distribution over the turf pitch from a single luminaire is still something most brands seem to have difficulties with to manage.

A lot of horticulture LED applications use LED emitters on an extruded heat sink without use of any optics to control the beam distribution.
As a result the light received at the turf pitch will fluctuate according Imax . cosPhi what means that the light intensity straight under the LED is much higher than on the sides of the beam angle.

This result in different PAR values over the turf pitch with fluctuations in the growth process of the grass as a result.

A LED package without secondary optics has a typical light distribution angle of 120° or 80°.

This means that when the energy directly under the light fixture = 100%, you will have a light and energy decrease to 80% at 30 degrees left and right, and a further erosion to 40% at 60 degrees left and right of the luminaire.
Light decrease in function of beam angle of a 120° LED package without optic light distribution.

The introduction of Batwing technology

Of course you can kind of overcome this by placing many LED grow lights close together and make overlaps so that the energy at the turf pitch gets a bit more in balance, but in many cases we still see fluctuations of over 30%, while this also leads in many cases to the need of placing extra construction bars in the grow light system which is making the solution cost-inefficient.

Actually, the solution to make a complete even light distribution over your canopy isn’t that difficult. It exists already for years in the white light market and even has a proper name… It is called "batwing technology".

All initial output light beams of the LED package are scattered and redistributed in a light shape in this way that the light within the beam angle is completely even distributed. As a result you get a homogeneous light distribution over your turf pitch of more than 90%.
Batwing light distribution creates an even light distribution within the beam angle.
Of course we make it sound a bit too easy.
To get a complete even light distribution over your turf pitch there are a few basics of lighting what you have to keep in mind.
First of all there is the basic law of lighting - the smaller the light source (LES – Light Emitting Surface), the easier a beam shape and beam pattern can be created from that light source.

So for lighting applications where light distribution is a must, you want to create a light source as small as possible in order to have a perfect beam control.
In HPS SON-T lamps the beam pattern was mainly created through a reflector which redistributed the light from the back side towards the sides into an oval light shape.

In LED lighting more complex beam shapes are created through a TIR or Total Internal Reflection lens.
But there is of course a drawback on that – small light sources means also a high concentration of heat on a small surface that needs to be cooled away, and that’s where heat pipes drop in.

Once aluminum or copper as a conductor becomes too slow to conduct the heat, a heat pipe is an easy and price friendly alternative to transport the heat away from the LED source towards an area where the convection and radiation can be realized.

By creating the very concentrated LED horti light engine Mechatronix CoolGrow® which we apply, we are able to use advanced batwing lens technology to create a light distribution over the turf pitch within 90% homogeneity! This ensures an unprecedented even grass growth compared to competing systems.
The batwing principle – individual light beams are modulated for a complete even light distribution.
The market leading Mechatronix CoolStack® LED grow lights we use combine four of these CoolGrow® LED grow engines each under its individual batwing lens.

All together these full passive cooled advanced grow lights produce an absolute market leading PPFD up to 3.520µmol/s, which as a result increase your revenues. Homogeneous grass growth and better performance for less costs!
Mechatronix CoolStack® LED grow lights. Lenses clearly visible

Request a turf care advice

Are you looking to achieve healthier and stronger turf growth year-round, while also enhancing game quality and reducing injury risks?

We can help you reach your goals through data monitoring and cutting-edge LED technology. With our innovative approach, we offer to be your reliable partner in a wide range of turf care and grow light solutions.

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Maasbreeseweg 55a
5981 NB Panningen
the Netherlands

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